Developing "Anschauung" and logical form In Kant's transcendental analysis of object-related experience
Palavras-chave:Kant, semantic, Anschauung
It is often overlooked that Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason is not just an enterprise to understand the transcendental function of synthetic a priori truths, but to give an analysis of propositions with empirical content, too. This means, that Kant’s enterprise is a semantical one in a much more challenging sense than the pure formal semantics after Tarski, Carnap, and Davidson, where the whole issue was a formal concept of truth as we use it already inside pure mathematics. Therefore, and only therefore, writers in this tradition can withdraw into different forms of (semantical) deflationism and merely pro-sentential theories of truth. The task of a full fledged semantics is, however, the clarification of the relation between language and the world. Kant’s semantical analysis of this relation starts with a reflection on Anschauung. I propose to reconstruct the object of such an Anschauung as the present field of observable things and movements. Kant then turns to the forms of judgements (as we know them more or less from traditional logic), and develops semantical categories and basic principles of pure understanding. They explicate, so to speak, how the categories are applied to the specific domain of the objective empirical world, mediated by possible Anschauung.
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